Geographic position of Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea occupies the geographical basin in the heart of Europe, separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan Peninsula and the Apennine Mountains from the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. It is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest and the Po Valley. The list of countries with coasts on the Adriatic Sea are Italy, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia. Whole Adriatic basin contains more than 1300 islands, mostly located along its eastern, Croatian coast. Geographically speaking, Croatian (eastern) coast is divided into three basins: Northern - the shallowest, central and the southern - the deepest, with a maximum depth of 1,233 metres (4,045 ft).
Characteristics of the Adriatic
What gives special attractivenes to the eastern coast is tha fact that the prevailing currents flow counterclockwise from the Strait of Otranto, along the Croatian coast and back to the strait along the western, Italian coast. This is the reason why the sea is cristal clear on Croatian coast. It is interesting to say that the Adriatic's salinity is in average lower than the Mediterranean's because the Adriatic collects a third of the fresh water flowing into the Mediterranean.
The clarity and transparency of the open sea reaches depths of 56 m whilst on the shore it is 5 m deep in average. The depth of the sea in the north (along the Istrian coast) is the shallowest at about 50 m, whilst at Palagruža (south) it reaches up to 250 m and around the most distant island of Jabuka it even reaches 1,300 m in depth. The average sea temperature of Adriatic sea (surface temperature) in the summer months is between 22-27°C, whilst during spring time it is a comfortable 18°C.
As we previously mentioned, the Adriatic Sea contains more than 1300 islands and islets, majority of them is located along the Adriatic's eastern coast — especially in Croatia, with 1.246 counted. The biggest Croatian islands are located in the north — Cres and Krk, covering about 405.78 square kilometres (156.67 sq mi). The tallest of all Adriatic islands is also located in Croatia, precisely in Dalmatia — Brač island, whose peak is located 780 metres (2,560 ft) above sea level. It should be said that of all Croatian islands, 48 of them are permanently inhabited and the most populated are Krk and Korčula.
The islands along the Adriatic's western (Italian) coast are smaller and less numerous than those along the opposite coast; the best-known ones are the 117 islands on which the city of Venice is built.
Eastern coast is highly indented. There are more than few marine protected areas in the Adriatic, designed to protect the sea's karst habitats and biodiversity. The sea is abundant in flora and fauna — more than 7,000 species are identified as native to the Adriatic and many of them are endemic, rare and threatened.
The countries bordering the Adriatic Sea are significant tourist destinations, especially Croatia which is known to be one of the best yacht charter locations in the world. Croatia's Adriatic Sea mainland coast is 1,777.3 kilometres (1,104.4 mi) long, while its 1,246 islands and islets encompass a further 4,058 kilometres (2,522 mi) of coastline — the most indented coastline in the Mediterranean making it the most attractive nautical destination of Europe.
With isolated islands, beautiful beaches, water sport hotspots and historic ports, Adriatic Croatia is a shore thing for a great seaside break.
It is considered that the most intriguing part of Croatian coast is Dalmatian region with Split city as its capital, at least when we talk about yachting. It is easy reachable via airports in Split, Zadar, Brač island and Dubrovnik.
In Dalmatia, you can find an island for everyone: Mljet – National Park and the top island for nature lovers; Vis – known for its traditional local food; Brač – for water sport enthusiast, also known as the island with the most photogenic beach that is constantly changing spit of white pebbles called Zlatni Rat; Hvar – less for relaxation,more known as a world celebrity hotspot. Hvar is also considered to be the beautiful and upmarket of the towns built by the Venetians, which lies on the island of the same name.
Absolutely the best thing about the Croatian islands as target of your yacht charter vacation is that in Dalmatian region islands form groups, relatively close one to another. This means that you can choose where to be at certain moment and then change your mind because hoping from one island to another takes in average one, one and a half hour.
If you are interested in life on the coast, the best recommendation is – Split: a 1700 years old vibrant city with excellent beaches, stunning new promenade – Riva - lined with cafés and bars.
Enough with teasing! We invite you to experience all on your own!
If you need more information about yacht charter in Croatia, or travel to Croatia in general, please do not hesitate to contact us!