Bare Facts About Croatia
- Among 47 European countries Croatia is 26th with respect to its population
- Among 47 European countries Croatia is 26th with respect to its area
- Croatia covers exactly 56,542 square kilometers plus sea surface of additional 31,900 sq.km
- Coastline stretches over 1,777 km plus additional 4000 km+ of island coast line
- There are 4,437,000 inhabitants, similar to one quarter of New York city
- Croatian emigration rate is the greatest in the world – after Ireland.
- Political structure: parliamentary, multiparty Republic
- Language spoken: Croatian
- Official script: Latin Trough the history, besides Latin two other scripts were used: Croatian Glagolitic and Croatia Cyrillic.
- Other nations/languages titling Croatia:
HORVATIYA (Russian) / CHORVATSKO (Czech) / CHORWACJA (Polish) / HORVÁTORSZÁG (Hungarian) / HRVATISTAN (Turkish) / CROATIA (English) / CROATIE (French) / KROATIEN (German) / CROAZIA (Italian)
- Official Croatian currency is KUNA (symbol: KN). Each Kuna consists of 100 LIPA (lp). The skin of Kuna (martern) was used as a payment currency in trade system back in Croatian history.
- Ethnically speaking, Croatians made 87% of total population.
- The citizens of Croatia celebrating Christmas on 7th January (Orthodox Christians), citizens of the Islamic denominations on the days of Ramadan Bairam and Kurban Bairam, and citizens of the Jewish denomination on the days of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, have the right not to work.
- Parts of the Croatian nation are historically and culturally deeply rooted to the territories of the neighboring Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and also to Austria, Slovakia, Italy, Romania.
Croatia's Capital, Flag and Emblem
- Country's capital is Zagreb with population of 750.000 (1.000.000 people with surrounding areas), very old and pleasant city, first time mentioned in 1094. Zagreb was, in former Yugoslavia, leading industrial, cultural and scientific center.
- Croatian National Emblems are: the tricolor flag (red, white, blue, arranged in this order perpendicularly to the staff), and the coat of arms (13 red squares and 12 silver squares arranged in a 5 x 5 pattern) with a crown composed of five regional symbols representing:
the oldest known Croatian coat of arms – Dubrovnik – Dalmatia - Istria – Slavonia
- The official flower of the Republic of Croatia is Iris (perunika in Croatian)
- More than a thousand islands on the Adriatic sea
- Probably the most interesting coast in Europe (the name of the Adriatic see, as well as its Croatian version Jadran, seem to originate from the ancient name of a very old Croatian city Zadar - Yadera),
- Velebit mountain, one of the trademarks of Croatia, with unforgettable views to the islands and the mainland. Recognized as a part of the international network of Biosphere Reserves (2,500 botanical species, 70-80 endemic species)
- Dubrovnik - among the world's most beautiful and best preserved medieval cities (under UNESCO protection)
-The smallest and loveliest town in the world - having city walls, two streets, two churches and 23 inhabitants - Hum, located in Istria peninsula,
National parks in Croatia:
Kornati islands, (George Bernard Shaw once visited Kornati, and wrote the following "On the last day of the Creation God desired to crown his work, and thus created the Kornati Islands out of tears, stars and breath")
Island of Mljet
Krka River and its waterfalls
Sjeverni Velebit - it has two and a half times more plant species than the entire Great Britain
- We would like to add several natural reserves:
Biokovo Mountain in Dalmatia,
Modro jezero (Blue Lake) near the town of Imotski,
Bijele and Samarske stijene,
Lonjsko polje near Zagreb,
Kopacki rit (Kopacevo Marshes) near Osijek.
- You have for sure enjoyed breathtaking sceneries of Croatia's natural beauties in films about Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, shot according to novels of Karl May. Maybe you did not know that these films were made in the Paklenica canyon, Plitvice lakes, and on Krka River.
For the end of this part of "Known and Unknown facts about Croatia" we are sending you one friendly Bog!
(A friendly and very common greeting among the Croats, both for Hi! and Bye!.
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